Common symptoms of Bechterew’s Disease:
Chronic pain and stiffness in the lower part of the spine.
Pain often occurs at the site of the cross-bone joint with pelvis (sacroiliac joint), from where it radiates to the buttock or back of the thigh. Pain is greatest when the patient stays calm, mitigates in physical activity.
The spine gradually becomes less flexible, the patient does not reach his knees first, later he can not lean forward at all. The development of the disease is gradual and lasts many years until it reaches the final stage when the backbone is a rigid, rigid rod. However, this is only the case for a minority of patients.
Chest pain may also occur, especially in deep breathing.
Another feature of Bechterew’s disease is chronic severe fatigue.
About 40% of cases of Bechterew’s disease are associated with irritation of the iris and ciliary body (this inflammation is known as iridocyclitis). Inflammation is manifested by eye pain and increased sensitivity to light (photophobia).
Uncommon symptoms of Bechterew’s disease include joint inflammation, pulmonary fibrosis (increased pulmonary fibrosis) or nail decay (so-called onycholysis).
At a young age, the disease may begin as swelling of large joints on the limbs, especially the knee. Impairment of the spine comes later.